Font Configuration

In order to view the texts (and Greek Canon titles) in Greek, users must have Greek Fonts installed on their system. Any new system (MAC or PC) will come with the Unicode Greek polytonic set already included. Depending on the browser that you use, you may also need to manually adjust your browser settings.

  • Unicode

    The proper solution to the problem of displaying Greek text on the Web is Unicode, the standard for encoding the various scripts of the world on computer.

    We have a Unicode test page giving addresses from which to obtain Unicode fonts, and demonstrating possible problem characters.

    Users will need to set the Unicode font of their browser to the polytonic Greek font they have obtained.

    1. Windows Internet Explorer:
      tools menu -->Internet Options -->General --> Fonts
      Leave 'Language Script' as 'Latin-based' and under 'Web page font' select the font you wish to use .
    2. Windows Firefox:
      Tools --> Options and under'Content' choose the font of your choice on the dropdown menu for 'Default font'.
    3. Mac Safari on the Mac:
      Go to the 'Safari' menu --> Preferences --> Appearance, under 'Standard Font' select the font of your choice.
    4. Mac Firefox on the Mac:
      Firefox menu --> Preferences -->Content choose the font of your choice on the dropdown menu for 'Default font'.

    Input in Greek
    For institutional users, the opening page will indicate whether you have a Unicode compliant browser. If your browser allows Unicode input you can follow the Unicode option.

    If not, please follow the non-Unicode option (individual users may select they font from the user's settings). The Input in Greek menu presently offers 2 choices. Of these, we recommend:

    • Beta code. (Beta code is the default setting.) or
    • Transliteration with or without accents

    Of the two, the safest option across browsers is Beta code, which only ever employs ASCII characters.

    The following are the keyboard mappings of the various entry methods:

    1. Transliteration

      All browsers; All fonts
      Accented Transliteration requires ability to enter standard Western European (French) diacritics: diaeresis, acute, grave, circumflex. If you wish to employ diacritics in accented transliteration, you should familiarize yourself with your operating system's conventions for entering diacritics.

      If you do not enter accents and breathings, use Roman characters with ^ as the macron for long vowels.)

      The transliteration switches automatically from unaccented to accented, depending on whether the user has entered a diacritic-sensititve search.

      Exceptionally, iota after a long vowel is interpreted as iota subscript only if the search is sensitive to iota subscripts:
      String enteredDiacritic sensitivityConverted to
      tro^ia Insensitive TRWIA
      trôia Insensitive TRWIA
      tro=ia Accents Only TRWIA
      tro=ia Iota Subscripts Only TRW|A
      tro=ia All diacritics TRW|A

    2. Unicode
      Typing Unicode Greek on MacOSX:

      MacOSX as of Jaguar (system 10.2), comes with a Monotonic Greek Unicode keyboard installed (Apple Menu --> System Preferences --> Intternational --> Input Menu --> Greek). For Polytonic Keyboards, users will need to consult third-party tools; Donald Mastronarde has created a GreekKeys-compatible keyboard as part of the American Philological Association-sponsored GreekKeys Unicode release.

      Typing Unicode Greek on Windows

      On Windows, you will need to add a Greek polytonic Unicode keyboard to your preferences. (Start Menu --> Settings --> Control Panel --> Keyboard --> Input Locales --> Add --> Greek Polytonic). The keyboard mapping used in based on Greek typewriters: Microsoft provides a keyboard map. (Select Greek Polytonic; you will need Java enabled on your browser. Note that Unicode uses modern Greek names for diacritics: oxia: acute, varia: grave, perispomeni: circumflex, psili: smooth breathing, dasia: rough breathing, ypogegrammeni: iota subscript, dialytika: diaeresis.)

      Outside Windows 2000, or as an alternative to the Microsoft keyboard, you can also use a program like Tavultesoft Keyman to create your own custom Unicode keyboard. There are three keyboards available for Keyman:

      Windows: Internet Explorer

      Internet Explorer accepts Greek polytonic text as Unicode input as of version 5.5.

      To set the font for Greek Unicode text to be displayed in entry fields in Internet Explorer for earlier versions (5.0), you will need to select the appropriate Unicode font as its Greek display font (Tools --> Internet Options --> General --> Fonts --> Language Script: Greek --> Web page font: [Unicode font of your choosing].

    Created: May 11, 2000
    Last Modified: March14, 2009
    Maintained by

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